Explore amazing Roman ruins in Greater Yarmouth
The Romans arrived in the area around Greater Yarmouth in the 1st century AD and settled in Caister.
The name Caister comes from the Latin word ‘Castra' which means fortress. The Romans built a ‘Saxon Shore' fort in Caister in around 200 AD which was occupied by a unit of the Roman army and navy, forming one of the chief Iceni towns until the end of the 4th century. The partial excavated remains, including wall and ditch sections and building foundations can still be seen.
The Romans moved south-west of Caister to guard the River Yare and built another fort in the 3rd century at Burgh Castle, at the confluence of the rivers Yare and Waveney as a defence against Saxon raids arriving by water.
This Roman Fort was called Gariannonum and was garrisoned by the Equites Stablesiani Gariannoneses, a detachment of the elite troops of the Stablesian auxiliary cavalry.
The imposing remains of three of the walls and buttresses can still be seen today and are found just half a mile from Burgh Castle village, next to the River Waveney and overlooking Berney Arms Reach. Visitors can follow the brown signs to a free car park and walk to the castle, which is a fabulous place to picnic and for families to play. Burgh Castle is widely considered to be the best preserved Roman monument in East Anglia.
The castle is located on the Angles Way, a National Trail from Thetford to Great Yarmouth, although shorter circular walks are also available.
Beautiful panoramic views of the windmill and marshes over the river, into which the fourth wall long since collapsed, are stunning whatever the time of year.